Located onboard the satellite Meteor-M No. 2, the IKFS-2 Fourier spectrometer, created by Shvabe Holding, has transmitted the first high-resolution infrared spectra images of the Earth’s atmosphere and surface. This data will improve the accuracy of weather forecasts, according to the holding company’s press service.
The IKFS-2 measures the infrared spectra of the outgoing radiation of the Earth’s atmosphere for operational meteorology and climatology purposes. The device provides information about the vertical profiles of temperature and humidity in the troposphere, the general content and altitude distribution of the ozone, concentrations of trace gases, surface temperatures, and other data. According to experts that examined the information sent from the device, the infrared spectra was consistent with all requirements and confirmed its high performance capabilities.
High-resolution infrared spectra can be used to increase the reliability of short-term and long-term weather forecasts by monitoring various details in the infrared range of the spectrum, including the atmosphere and land surface, world oceans, the ozone layer, and trace gases in the atmosphere that cause the greenhouse effect. The information can also warn about upcoming severe weather events.
The Meteor-M No. 2 satellite was launched on July 8, 2014.
Shvabe Holding unites the primary companies of Russia’s optoelectronics industry and includes research and production associations, design offices, optical institutions, and service and supply companies. Shvabe Holding develops and manufactures high-tech electro-optical systems and other devices for special and civil purposes, as well as optical materials, medical equipment, energy-efficient lighting, and other products. Shvabe Holding is part of Rostec Corporation.