VSMPO-AVISMA is world’s largest producer of titanium
VSMPO-Avisma is a major global manufacturer of titanium, titanium ingots and all varieties of intermediate titanium alloy products, as well as oversized aluminium pressings, intermediate products of galvanized steel and nickel-based heat-resistant alloys. The company employs approximately 19,000 people. The major Russian titanium producer is controlled by its management (which holds 50%+1 share in VSMPO-Avisma), while the Russian Technologies Corporation holds a blocking interest of 25% plus one share in the titanium producer. Mikhail Viktorovich Voyevodin is currently CEO (General Director) of VSMPO-Avisma.
In the early 1990s, political and economic changes terminated government orders for aircraft and defense equipment. This caused a slump in demand by domestic customers for products of Special Aviation Materials, a titanium-magnesium plant (Avisma, based in Berezniki, Perm region) and Verkhnesaldinsky Metallurgic Plant (VSMPO, based in Verkhnaya Salda, Sverdlovsk region). Production volumes went down and the enterprises were on the verge of bankruptcy.
In 1998, the companies decides to work together. Today’s corporation was established on the basis of VSMPO and Avisma in 2005. It included companies located in Tambov, located in Nizhny Tagil, Zhukovsky and in Verkhnaya Pyshma.
VSMPO-Avisma joined Rostec in 2007 to start a technical production upgrade by attracting foreign partners and signing long-term contracts for product supply.
Efforts taken by Russian Technologies in relation to VSMPO-Avisma encouraged deep integration of the company into the global aerospace industry; the company emerged as a core titanium product supplier for many companies. VSMPO holds the Nadcap international accreditation (a global cooperative accreditation program for aerospace engineering, defence and related industries).
VSMPO-Avisma intends to invest US$800 million in titanium production by 2015. This is required to increase production volumes related to growing demand for company’s products by large-scale foreign aircraft manufacturers.
The company’s developments allow it to supply products to 300 companies in 48 countries worldwide, including such global leaders as Boeing, Airbus, SNECMA, Rolls Royce, Pratt & Whitney. VSMPO-Avisma meets 40% of Boeing’s demand for aviation titanium, 60% of EADS’ (Airbus) demand and 100% of Embraer’s demand.
High-tensile titanium alloy Ti5553 became a standard for Boeing 787 Dreamliner (land gear, pylon and wing components).
Beta-pressing (metal pressing at a higher temperature) of parts from titanium alloys saves metal both in pressing and further machine processing. This technology was first used to produce press-work from Ti6-4.
Unique equipment (powerful presses) and VSMPO’s experience in making large size press-works allowed VSMPO and Boeing to develop processes to create large-cut press-works of 6.5 meters long of Ti6-4, Ti10-2-3 and Ti-5553 alloys. Ti6-4 press-works (main landing gear beam 737 and lower wing cord Boeing 787) and Ti10-2-3 (landing gear beam Boeing 777) are in mass production.
The company has developed a new cost-effective titanium alloy and vacuum skull melting technology with an increased use of waste. Its mechanical specifications are equal to Ti6-4 and use about 80% of metal facings and other wastes to produce ingots in VSMPO skull furnaces put into operation in 2013. The company successfully completed the programme to produce and carry out the comprehensive evaluation of mechanical properties of alloy plates for producing industrial-size ingots (5 tons).
This alloy will reduce the cost of semi-finished products by using titanium sponges in ingot production.
Along with titanium alloys, VSMPO-Avisma supplies titanium alloy press-work and parts. Press-works for new Boeing 787 Dreamliner are supplied after initial mechanical treatment. The company produces a broad range of non-aerospace products from technically pure titanium. Cold-worked and hot-worked seamless pipes of titanium alloys are in high demand.
VSMPO-Avisma is a key partner and supplier for Boeing-Civil Aircrafts. The first agreement between the companies was signed as early as 1997 when the first titanium press-work was produced for Boeing 767. Further development of cooperation resulted in the establishment of the Ural Boeing Manufacturing joint venture in Verkhnaya Salda, Urals, in 2009.
In October 2012, VSMPO-Avisma and Boeing signed a memorandum on expanding cooperation in supplying titanium by enhancing capacity of a joint venture in Ukraine. The parties will continue their joint work on research and development, in particular, to develop new alloys and technologies. Additional investment in development will amount to $12 million.
In 2011, VSMPO-Avisma signed a contract with Liebherr-Aerospace, Germany, to supply titanium press-works for the nose gear of Airbus A350 XWB family.